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Fertilizers replace what the rain and plants remove. Itâ€™s as simple as that, but the details of correct fertilizer usage arenâ€™t so simple. Garden plants vary greatly in their needs, and correct timing can often be all-important.
The usual plan is to purchase a branded compound fertilizer. Itâ€™s possible to prepare a home-made mix, but some skill is required. Not all straight fertilizers can be blended - in particular, avoid mixing lime and sulphate of ammonia or super phosphate of lime and nitrate of soda. Some mixtures rapidly set rock hard if conditioning agents are not added - one of the best conditioners is Bone Flower.
Lawns; Every lawn needs a nitrogen-rich compound fertilizer when growth becomes active in spring. Use one like Toplawn which includes a weed killer. If the lawn appears pale in midsummer, water on a liquid Lawn Tonic or sulphate of ammonia. Autumn treatment is for the keen gardener only. Never use quick-acting nitrogen, this is the time for a product with phosphates, potash and a small amount of slow acting nitrogen. Using quick acting nitrogen can lead to disease.
Roses; Use a mixture of 1 part soil, 1 part moist peat and 3 handfuls of Bone Meal per barrow-load for filling the holes at planting time. With established plants, use a potash-rich compound fertilizer which includes magnesium and gypsum. Spread 1oz of Toprose around each bush before the leaves are fully open and repeat the treatment in June or July. Donot feed Roses after the end of July or frost-sensitive growth may occur.
Greenhouse Tomatoes; Regular feeding is important for greenhouse vegetables like Tomatoes, Cucumbers and Aubergines etc. The best plan is to purchase a potash-rich liquid fertilizer. Trials have shown how the little-and-often technique is better than a couple of heavy feeds. Use a low-strength solution for each watering until the plants are in full fruit. Increase the strength once heavy cropping has started. Outdoor Tomatoes need to be fed every 10 to 14 days.
Trees and Shrubs; The standard recommendation is to apply a routine dressing of Growmore around the plants in spring, but the challenge with trees is to get the fertilizer into their roots. A better plan is to make use of a specific Tree and Shrub fertilizer and pour it over the leaves ans all around the base of shrubs in the spring. For trees, spike the ground under the leaf canopy with a fork to the full length of the tines before feeding.
Vegetables; A base dressing should be applied shortly before sowing or planting. Growmore is a classic favourite and remains as popular as ever. Fast maturing crops will need no further feeding. Vegetables which take longer to mature will need one more top dressing through the season. Using a soluble fertilizer , such as Instant Bio, which is dissolved in water and applied by using a watering can. Sulphate of ammonia may be used to give a quick boost to greens.
House Plants; There is a lot of house plant feeding techniques these days. There are sticks, steady-release granules, tablets, feeding mats and so on. Whichever method you employ, remember to cut back the amount of nutrients when the plants are resting - the winter months for foliage plants. Adding a few drops of liquid fertilizer into your watering can remains by far the most popular method as itâ€™s easy, inexpensive and provides control of the nutrient supply.
Fruit trees and Bushes; The general standard is the same as that for the ornamental trees and shrubs, but there are a couple of additional factors. The greater demand for nutrients is when the small fruits are starting to swell, at this stage it is necessary to use a potash-rich feed. Never use a feed that is richer in nitrogen than potash once fruit has formed. Most fruit trees and bushes respond to foliar feeding, especially after pest damage.
Flowers; Work a powder or granular fertilizer into the surface during soil preparation prior to planting. Most flowers will require feeding in spring, sprinkle Growmore around perennials. Feed large and leafy plants such as Chrysanthemums and Dahlias with a liquid fertilizer on a frequent basis. Annuals and alpines, however, need much less feeding - just the once when they are coming into flower.
Article Source: http://www.retirementlivingarticledirectory.com
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